‘South Indian languages far more developed than Hindi’ 

Constituent Assembly Debates: Krishnamurthy Rao strongly felt that if Hindi was going to be made the common language of India, then it should develop itself by borrowing from all the languages 

“Then my next amendment is No. 188 that is, about the establishing of an academy to develop Hindi language so that it may be acceptable to the whole of India. My respectful submission is that today Hindi is only a regional language and a provincial language and just because it is being spoken by about ten crores of people out of thirty-two crores, we are raising it to the level of a common language. I would call all languages spoken in India as our national languages—Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam. Bengali, Gujerati and all the other languages are national languages. But for the purpose of the Union, we want a common language and we are prepared to accept Hindi as our common language. But Hindi has to become such a language that its effect would be seen in all the ramifications of national life, and for this it should develop very much. My submission is that today Hindi has not yet developed to that stage. In fact I can quote from some of our own South Indian languages to show that they are far more developed than Hindi is today.”
– Volume 9, Document No. 138, Paragraph 439, Constituent Assembly Debates

“The translation for the word 'court' is given as qutchery. We in the south use the word kutchery for office.”
– Volume 9, Document No. 138, Paragraph 446, Constituent Assembly Debates

“These are the words which are in common use in all the Indian languages. I began to learn Devanagari letters only when I learnt Hindi during my jail life. Hindi was for long called 'Musalmani' language in the South. This Hindi and Hindustani question is purely for the north. But we are prepared to accept Hindi. It was a great gesture when Maulana Abul Kalam Azad told us that Hindi in Devanagari script should be the common language of India. But a regular tirade is being carried on against him in some of the North Indian papers and he is accused of attempting to impose Urdu on the people of India. We cannot look at this question objectively at present. In the greater interests of the country this question should be decided in a dispassionate atmosphere when feelings have sobered down. That is the purport of my amendment.”
– Volume 9, Document No. 138, Paragraph 447, Constituent Assembly Debates

“So far as the time question is concerned, my submission is that there should be no relaxation of the fifteen years period. Sir, I have tried to learn Hindi. I have translated some books from Hindi into my own language Kannada also. But it is a very difficult language for me to make up my mind to speak before this House. We cannot learn the technicalities of the language, this idiomatic language of the Hindi-speaking people. It takes time. I would give a challenge. Let either Dasji, Tandonji, or Guptaji live among the Tamil people and learn to speak the Tamil language: the time taken, I will put it, as just enough for the introduction of the Hindi language for the south. They will take not 15 years, but 20 or 25 years. It is really a difficult problem. You cannot look at it only from your point of view. That is why I submit that a time lag is necessary and fifteen year is the minimum period that we can accept.”
– Volume 9, Document No. 138, Paragraph 448, Constituent Assembly Debates

“No language in the world can isolate itself. In fact I have got a glossary prepared by the Mysore Constituent Assembly for the technical terms. I just took out this book and tried to find out how many Urdu or Hindustani words were in this booklet. In fact this consists of 30 pages. We have got 67 words which are Urdu or Hindustani in origin. In our puritanism are we going to give up all these words? If you take English itself and study the history and development of that language, it has attained international importance because it has borrowed freely from other languages. If Hindi is going to be the common language of India and meet the needs of a growing nation, it should develop itself borrowing freely from all the languages. We cannot have any narrow outlook so far as the development of the language is concerned. Take the words 'bench', 'rail', 'table', etc. Many of these have become common words. What is the word that we can coin for bench in Hindi. Are we going to change them? I think that should be a most suicidal policy.”
– Volume 9, Document No. 138, Paragraph 449, Constituent Assembly Debates

“My next amendment, Sir, is about the connotation of the word 'Kannada'. In the schedule it is mentioned as 'Canarese'. This is a hybrid form of Kannada and this was only used by the missionaries who no doubt have done yeoman's service to the Kannada language. Kannada is the word used by one of our poets Nrupatunga in the 9th century. I hope Mr. Gopalaswami Ayyangar will accept my suggestion.”
– Volume 9, Document No. 138, Paragraph 450, Constituent Assembly Debates

SV Krishnamurthy Rao, September 12, 1949
Krishnamurthy Rao was a member of the Constituent Assembly representing the state of Mysore. He was a member of the Rajya Sabha from 1952 to 1962 and was elected to Lok Sabha from Shivamogga in 1962.

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